Thursday, November 4, 2010

Top 10 Linux Distros

1. Ubuntu:It is the latest of the Free Linux distributions. It is equipped with all the latest offerings which the world wide web community can offer.It is developed by Canonical ltd. which offers Life Long Support to its users. The features of this operating system are:

  • Covers almost all users of various interests and requitements
  • Supports Cloud Computing
  • Highly secure and efficient
  • Free CD is shipped by Canonical to your mailing address which is an innovative strategy to popularise Ubuntu
  • Available in different flavours viz: Kubuntu, Ubuntu, Xubuntu
  • Server and Desktop Editions available

2. Fedora:A Red Hat sponsored project which is also a popular free and open source operating system. It is developed by Fedora Project community.Rated as the second best Linux based operating system after Ubuntu Several versions have been developed so far. Today the Fedora 13 is supported only. So the its main features are:

  • Automatic language and Regional support
  • Interactive User Inteface
  • Entire support for Java EE 6 spec
  • KDE PulseAudio Integration
  • New command-line interface for NetworkManager
  • Can be installed over Internet

3. Open SUSE:It is an open source general purpose operating system built on linux Kernel. It is sponsored by Novell. As of today, the stable version available is openSUSE 11.3.The main features are:

  • Includes YaST Control Center which handles all the disk related tasks like setting up partitions, installing RPM Packages etc
  • KDE Desktop innovations which makes Suse a leading contributor to the KDE project
  • openSUSE Build Service is a service that provides tools to develop and publish the applications to the community of users worldwide.
  • Supports other distributions also like Mandriva, Ubuntu, Fedora and Debian
  • Extensive support and repository of softwares and applications

4. Red Hat:It was a popular linux distribution until 2004. It was made with commercial intensions and hence this os mainly remained for the commercial uses only.Some of the features are:

  • Support for Executable and Linkable format
  • No MP3 support due certain copyrights issues
  • support for multiple languages
  • supports the Native POSIX Thread Library for backward compatibily with older versions
  • In built support for variuos programming languages like C++,Python etc.

5. Debian: It can be rightly called as the father of all modern day distributions. All the Debian and its derivatives are used by other os like Ubuntu.
Its main features are:

  • Highly stable version
  • First to pioneer the ‘Live CD’ concept
  • Support for almost all the architectures
  • GNOME Desktop Environment
  • All the utility programs are bundled in it

6. Mandriva :Another distribution for the novices. It is developed and maintained by MandrakeSoft.
Its features are:

  • Simple User Interface
  • Urpmi package management tools
  • Include proprietary drivers and plugins

7. Linux Mint:It is the derivative of Ubuntu os and based on Debian. As expected it is also supported and developed by Canonical.
Features of this OS are:

  • Support for almost all the languages
  • Sudo tool to carry out various administrative tasks
  • Installed with a wide range of software such as OpenOffice,Firefox,Transmission etc.
  • Can also run many programs of Windows using Wine or VirtualBox
  • customized port selection

8. Puppy Linux:It is the ultra slim version of linux. This is recommended for those with limited resources. It is developed by a community of PuppyLinux.
Its main features are:

  • The entire system can be run from the RAM
  • Just over 50MB in size
  • Multiple boot options
  • Lightweight User Interface
  • PetGet package management system

9. CentOS :It is a community supported OS that is based on Red Hat.
Its main features are:

  • Mostly used for Web Servers
  • Only supports x86 architectures
  • RPM Package Manager

10. Vyatta :It is Debian based with some excellent networking support.
Its main features are:

  • More suited for Routers and Firewalls
  • Offers virtual networking
  • Serves as the replacement to Cisco IOS 1800 through ASR 1000
  • An interactive web-based GUI
  • Ships with traditional Linux system commands

Tagged as: Linux, Linux Distros, Tech, Top 10, Top 10 Linux Distros

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